Health At Every Size: The Surprising Truth About Your Weight (63 page)

Artificial sweeteners trigger the cephalic phase of insulin secretion, which could actually be good for diabetics, helping their bodies to better prepare for absorbing nutrients, but for others could trigger hunger and favor weight gain.
Note that IGF-1 is a protein hormone and many suggest that it should be broken down during normal digestion. However, there have been several studies documenting that IGF-1 levels are boosted in people who drink milk.
Body mass index (BMI) is defined as weight (in kilograms) divided by height (in meters) squared. A BMI between 19 and 25 is considered “normal,” between 25 and 30 is considered “overweight,” and 30 and above is classified as “obese.”
In cohort studies, a group (“cohort”) of people is followed over time. During the follow-up period, some individuals will be diagnosed with cancer and comparisons are made between those who are diagnosed with cancer and those who are not.
In case-control studies, individuals with a particular type of cancer (“cases”) are compared with otherwise similar people who have not been diagnosed with cancer.
The Stonewall rebellion occurred in 1969 when police raided a popular New York City gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender (GLBT) nightclub. It was the first time the GLBT community had ever acted together in such large numbers to resist police harassment, and is considered to be both turning point and catalyst for the modern-day GLBT civil rights movement.
This book is for informational purposes only. It is not intended to serve as a substitute for professional medical advice. The author and publisher specifically disclaim any and all liability arising directly or indirectly from the use of any information contained in this book. A health care professional should be consulted regarding your specific medical situation. Any product mentioned in this book does not imply endorsement of that product by the author or publisher.
Copyright © 2008 by Linda Bacon, PhD Additional Materials © 2010 by Linda Bacon, PhD
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical articles or reviews.
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