Read In the Beginning Was Information Online

Authors: Werner Gitt

Tags: #RELIGION / Religion & Science, #SCIENCE / Study & Teaching

In the Beginning Was Information

In the Beginning was Information


A Scientist Explains the Incredible Designs in Nature

Dr. Werner Gitt


Copyright Information


First Master Books printing, February 2006

Second printing, April 2007

Copyright © 2005 by Werner Gitt. All rights reserved. No part of this book may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission of the publisher except in the case of brief quotations in articles and reviews. For information, write Master Books, Inc., P.O. Box 726, Green Forest, AR 72638.

ISBN-13: 978-0-89051-461-0

ISBN-10: 0-89051-461-5

Library of Congress Number: 2005934372

Cover by Left Coast Design, Portland, Oregon

Unless otherwise noted, all Scripture is from the New International Version of the Bible.

Please visit our website for other great titles:

For information regarding author interviews, please contact the publicity department at (870) 438-5288.

Printed in the United States of America

Dedicated to Rona and Jörn




Preface to the English Edition

1 Preliminary Remarks about the Concept of Information

Part 1: Laws of Nature

2 Principles of Laws of Nature

2.1 The Terminology Used in the Natural


2.2 The Limits of Science and the Persistence of Paradigms


2.3 The Nature of Physical Laws


2.4 The Relevance of the Laws of Nature


2.5 The Classification of the Laws of Nature


2.6 Possible and Impossible Events


Part 2: Information

3 Information Is a Fundamental Entity

3.1 Information: A Fundamental Quantity


3.2 Information: A Material or a Mental Quantity?


3.3 Information: Not a Property of Matter!


4 The Five Levels of the Information Concept

4.1 The Lowest Level of Information: Statistics


4.2 The Second Level of Information: Syntax


4.3 The Third Level of Information: Semantics


4.4 The Fourth Level of Information: Pragmatics


4.5 The Fifth Level of Information: Apobetics


5 Delineation of the Information Concept

6 Information in Living Organisms

6.1 Necessary Conditions for Life


6.2 The Genetic Code


6.3 The Origin of Biological Information


6.4 Materialistic Representations and Models of the Origin of Biological Information


6.5 Scientists against Evolution


7 The Three Forms in which Information Appears

8 Three Kinds of Transmitted Information

9 The Quality and Usefulness of Information

10 Some Quantitative Evaluations of Semantics

11 Questions Often Asked about the Information

Part 3: Application of the Concept of Information to the Bible

12 Life Requires a Source of Information

13 The Quality and Usefulness of Biblical Information

14 Aspects of Information as Found in the Bible

14.1 God as Sender — Man as Recipient


14.2 Man as Sender — God as Recipient


14.3 The Highest Packing Density of Information


15 The Quantities Used for Evaluating Information and Their Application to the Bible

16 A Biblical Analogy of the Four Fundamental Entities — Mass, Energy, Information, and Will


A1 The Statistical View of Information

A1.1 Shannon’s Theory of Information


A1.2 Mathematical Description of Statistical Information


A1.2.1 The Bit: Statistical Unit of Information


A1.2.2 The Information Spiral


A1.2.3 The Highest Packing Density of Information


A1.3 Evaluation of Communication Systems


A1.4 Statistical Analysis of Language


A1.5 Statistical Synthesis of Language


A2 Language: The Medium for Creating, Communicating, and Storing Information

A2.1 Natural Languages


A2.1.1 General Remarks on the Structure of Human Language


A2.1.2 Complexity and Peculiarities of Languages


A2.1.3 The Origin of Languages


A2.1.4 Written Languages


A2.2 Special Languages Used in the Animal World


A2.3 Does "Artificial Intelligence" Exist?


A3 Energy

A3.1 Energy, a Fundamental Quantity


A3.2 Strategies for Maximizing the Utilization of Energy


A3.2.1 Utilization of Energy in Technological Systems


A3.2.2 Utilization of Energy in Biological Systems (Photosynthesis)


A3.3 The Consumption of Energy in Biological Systems: Strategies for Minimization


A3.4 Conservation of Energy in Biological Systems


A3.4.1 Animal "Chlorophyll"


A3.4.2 Animals with "Lamps"


A3.4.3 The Lung, an Optimal Structure


A3.4.4 The Flight of Migratory Birds


A3.4.4.1 The Flight of Migrating Birds: An Accurate Energy Calculation


A3.4.4.2 The Flight of Migrating Birds: A Navigational Masterpiece





Theme of the book:
The topic of this book is the concept of
, which is a fundamental entity on equal footing with matter and energy. Many questions have to be considered: What is information? How does information arise? What is the function of information? How is it encoded? How is it transmitted? What is the source of the information found in living organisms?

Information confronts us on all sides; newspapers, radio, and television bring new information daily, and information processing systems are found practically everywhere; for example, in computers, numerical control equipment, automatic assembly lines, and even car wash machines. It should be noted that the activities of all living organisms are controlled by programs comprising information.

Because information is required for all life processes, it can be stated unequivocally that information is an essential characteristic of all life. All efforts to explain life processes in terms of physics and chemistry only will always be unsuccessful. This is the fundamental problem confronting present-day biology, which is based on evolution.

Structure and purpose of this book:
This book consists of three main parts and an appendix. In the first part, the nature of natural laws is discussed. This introduction is indispensable for the subsequent formulation and evaluation of information theorems.

Other books

Skies of Fire by Zoe Archer
The Lost Prince by Matt Myklusch
The Gangbang Collection by Electra, Jane, Kane, Carla, De la Cruz, Crystal
From This Day Forward by Margaret Daley
Darkness Follows by Emerald O'Brien
Georgie Be Good by Marg McAlister
While He Was Away by Karen Schreck
Los ojos del tuareg by Alberto Vázquez-Figueroa
Making the Play by T. J. Kline
Mission To Mahjundar by Veronica Scott